scandium(Sc),ytterbium(Yb),yttrium(Y),lutetium(Lu),thulium(Tm),holmium(Ho),europium(Eu),erbium(Er),terbium(Tb),dysprosium(Dy)>
what's Tm metal, thulium oxide nanoparticles? where's Tm2O3 ceramic targets manufacturers? how to buy thulium (acetate,sulfate,nitrate,carbonate),oxide(Tm2O3)?

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Thulium is a bright silvery-gray luster and can be cut by a knife. and belong to lanthanide element. It is the least abundant of the rare earths and its metal is easy to work. It slowly tarnishes in air, but is more resistant to oxidation than most rare-earth elements. It also has some corrosion resistance in dry air and good ductility.

what's thulium oxide Nanoparticles?

Thulium products are mainly used in making crystal and lasers. An important application of the thulium in the Medicine area, and relatively independent of its high cost, is the production of portable X-ray sources. These sources are available for about one year, as tools in medical and dental diagnosis, as well as to detect defects in mechanical and electronic inaccessible components.

Thulium is representative of the other lanthanides (rare earths) similar in chemistry to Yttrium. Thulium is available as metal and compounds with purities from 99% to 99.999%; metals in the form of foil, sputtering target, and rod, and compounds as submicron and nanopowder.

This type of sources does not need excessive protection. Usually a small cap of lead is enough. Thulium can also be used in magnetic and ceramic materials, similar to the yttrium-iron alloys, nowadays used in the microwave technologies

rare earth element thulium related products

rare earth element thulium(Tm)
name formula purity application
thulium Acetate Tm(O2C2H3)3.xH2O 99.999% 99.99% 99.9% 99% Halide lamps;Optical fiber;Crystal dopant
thulium Carbonate Tm2(CO3)3.xH2O 99.999% 99.99% 99.9% 99% Halide lamps;Optical fiber;Crystal dopant;Ceramics
thulium Chloride TmCl3.xH2O 99.999% 99.99% 99.9% 99% Halide lamps;Optical fiber;Crystal dopant;Ceramics;Phosphors
thulium Fluoride TmF3 99.999% 99.99% 99.9% 99% Halide lamps;Optical fiber;Crystal dopant
thulium Hydroxide Tm(OH)3.xH2O 99.999% 99.99% 99.9% 99% Super alloy;Sputtering target;Nuclear
thulium Metal Tm 99.95% Super alloy;Sputtering target;Nuclear
thulium Nitrate Tm(NO3)3.6H2O 99.999% 99.99% 99.9% 99% Glass; Laser crystal;Phosphors
thulium Oxalate Tm2(C2O4)3.xH2O 99.999% 99.99% 99.9% 99% Phosphor; Optical glass; Electronic; Ceramics
thulium Oxide Tm2O3 99.999% 99.99% 99.9% 99% Phosphor; Optical dopant; Electronic; Ceramics
thulium Sulfate Tm2(SO4)3.xH2O 99.999% 99.99% 99.9% 99% Crystals;Ceramics
11 rare earth element thulium(Tm)

Tm emits blue upon excitation. Flat panel screens depend critically on bright blue emitters. Also, under X-ray bombardment emissions are in both the 375 nm and 465 wave lengths. This gives the material useful applications in low radiation detection for detection badges and similar uses. It is also used in other luminescence applications, such as halide discharge lamps. Flat panel screens depend critically on bright blue emitters.

rare earth metal thulium(Tm)
Purity % 99.95% 99.9% 99%
thulium(Tm)/TREM % min 99.95 99.9 99
TREM %min 99 99 99
rare earth impurities La
Pr
Nd
Sm
Eu
Gd
Y
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.03
0.01
0.01
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.01
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.1
non rare earth impurities Fe
Si
Ca
Al
Mg
Mo
O
C
Cl
0.1
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.02
0.2
0.03
0.02
0.03
0.05
0.03
0.05
0.05
0.03
0.25
0.05
0.03
0.03
0.15
0.03
0.05
0.05
0.05
rare earth metal thulium(Tm)

rare earth thulium(Tm2O3) nanoparticles

rare earth thulium(Tm2O3) nanoparticles
rare earth nano diameter purity bulk density true density SSA Color
nano thulium(Tm2O3) oxide 20nm 99.8% < 0.2g/cm3 7.25g/cm3 23m2/g yellow
2 rare earth thulium(Tm2O3) nanoparticles

thulium(Tm2O3) oxide nanoparticles applications

rare earth oxide thulium(Tm2O3)
Purity % 99.999% 99.99% 99.9% 99%
thulium(Tm2O3)/TREO % min 99.999% 99.99% 99.9% 99%
TREO %min 37 37 37 37
rare earth impurities CeO2
Pr6O11
Nd2O3
Sm2O3
La2O3
Gd2O3
Y2O3
0.0005
0.0005
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0005
0.005
0.005
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.005
0.05
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.001
0.001
0.005
0.5
0.1
0.1
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.1
non rare earth impurities Fe2O3
SiO2
CaO
CoO
NiO
CuO
MnO2
Cr2O3
CdO
PbO
0.001
0.005
0.01
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0005
0.001
0.001
0.01
0.01
0.0005
0.0005
0.0003
0.0005
0.0003
0.0005
0.001
0.005
0.05
0.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.01
0.05
0.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
Total rare earth oxide thulium(Tm2O3)
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Applications of rare earth element thulium(Tm)

Thulium (Tm) Nanoparticles, nanodots or nanopowder are black spherical high surface area particles. Nano Thulium Particles are also available in passivated and Ultra high purity and high purity and coated and dispersed forms.

Holmium alloys are used as a magnetic flux concentrator to create the strongest artificially-generated magnetic fields. It is also used in nuclear reactors for nuclear control rods. Holmium oxide is used as yellow gas colouring.

Nanoparticles and nanopowders provide ultra high surface area which nanotechnology research and recent experiments demonstrate function to create new and unique properties and benefits.

Oxides are available in forms including powders and dense pellets for such uses as optical coating and thin film applications. Oxides tend to be insoluble. Fluorides are another insoluble form for uses in which oxygen is undesirable such as metallurgy, chemical and physical vapor deposition and in some optical coatings. Thulium is available in soluble forms including chlorides, nitrates and acetates. These compounds are also manufactured as solutions at specified stoichiometries.

© 2013 DFNano™All rights reserved! ytterbium oxide Yb2O3 lutetium oxide Lu2O3 scandium oxide Sc2O3 neodymium oxide (Nd2O3) yttrium oxide (Y2O3) dysprosium oxide (Dy2O3) praseodymium oxide (Pr6O11) gadolinium oxide (Gd2O3) erbium oxide (Er2O3) europium oxide (Eu2O3) terbium oxide (Tb4O7) holmium oxide (Ho2O3) thulium oxide (Tm2O3}