Crystal optics is the branch of optics that describes the behaviour of light in anisotropic media, that is, media in which light behaves differently depending on which direction the light is propagating. Crystals are often naturally anisotropic, it is possible to induce anisotropy by applying an external electric field.
|gallium arsenide (GaAs)||titanium doped sapphire (Ti:Al2O3)||lithium tantalate (LiTaO3)||lithium niobate (LiNbO3)|
|kalium titanyl phosphate (KTP)||yttrium orthovanadate (YVO4)||Nd:Y3Al5O12 (Nd:YAG)||tellurium oxide(TeO2)|
|gadolinium gallium(GGG)||terbium gallium garnet(TGG)||β-BaB2O4 (β-BBO)||lithium triborate(LBO)|
|Nd:yttrium lithium fluoride (Nd:YLF)||gadolinium vanadate (GdVO4)||Nd:KGd(WO4)2(Nd:KGW)||germanium(Ge) wafer|